July 12, 2011 5:40:33 PM
* Emaciated Somali children dying en route, agencies say
* WHO reports cholera in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia
(adds statement by U.N. chief Ban Ki-moon, paragraphs 2, 8-9)
By Stephanie Nebehay
GENEVA, July 12 (Reuters) - The United Nations said on Tuesday it was struggling to keep up with an exodus of hungry Somali refugees and many emaciated children were dying of malnutrition along the way or after arriving in neighbouring countries.
More than 11 million people in the Horn of Africa now need assistance to survive the crisis sparked by the worst drought in decades, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said.
Since the start of July alone, more than 11,000 people also fleeing intensified fighting in Somalia have arrived in Ethiopia and more than 8,600 in Kenya, the U.N. refugee agency said. Kenya's Dadaab camps are overflowing with 380,000 refugees.
"We're in a situation where we are struggling to keep pace with the sheer volume of arrivals at the moment," Adrian Edwards, spokesman of the U.N. High Commissioner of Refugees(UNHCR), told a news briefing upon return from Kenya.
Many Somalis are trying to escape heavy fighting between government forces and al Shabaab rebels and food prices that have quadrupled in recent months due to severe drought, he said. "The prognosis looks very poor indeed at the moment."
"You have many cases we're seeing in which people arrive in such an emaciated state and young children in particular that they don't survive even after reaching these camps," he said.
Somali refugees seeking shelter in Kenya are the poorest of the poor and the most vulnerable in the world, UNHCR chief Antonio Guterres said on Monday in Nairobi.
Ban, speaking to reporters in New York on Tuesday, called for preventing the crisis from deepening: "The human cost of this crisis is catastrophic."
U.N. aid agencies have appealed for $1.6 billion to finance life-saving programmes in the region, but only received half that amount to date, he said.
TIME OF THE ESSENCE
"As this devastating drought deepens, time is of the essence," Josette Sheeran, executive director of the U.N.'s World Food Programme (WFP), said in a statement appealing for funding for its $477 million programme in the Horn of Africa.
The lives of half a million children in the region are at risk, the U.N. Children's Fund said last week.
"The number of children severely acute malnourished, and that means at risk of death, in Kenya is 65,000 right now," UNICEF spokeswoman Marixie Mercado said on Tuesday.
In Somalia, child health is already among the poorest in the world, according to the World Health Organisation. About one in 11 babies die before their first birthday and one in seven before his or her fifth birthday, the WHO says.
Outbreaks of measles and cholera have already been reported in Djibouti and Ethiopia, WHO spokesman Tarik Jasarevic said, quoting WHO officials on the ground, but there were no figures.
Cholera, endemic in Somalia, is feared to be spreading due to poor sanitation and mass movement within the country, including people arriving in the capital Mogadishu, he said.
Hundreds of thousands of children are to be vaccinated along the Somali-Kenyan border and in the Dadaab camps to protect them from diseases including polio and measles, Jasarevic said. (Editing by Alison Williams)
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